Bay of Fundy

The Bay of Fundy is a unique region on the Atlantic coast, as it is home to phenomenally high tides. The head of the bay, especially the regions of the Minas Basin and Chignecto Bay experience the highest tides in the world! To find out why, and how high, visit the Atlantic Tides section. The floor of the Bay of Fundy is on average, about 50 metres deep, and never reaches farther down than 150 metres. Various small islands, channels, reefs and shoals line the floor of the bay. The channels are relatively shallow grooves in the seabed, whereas the reefs and shoals are rocky expansions or elevations in the seabed that reach to near the surface of the bay and pose a danger to navigating sailors. The high tides in the Bay of Fundy, in combination with the complex sea floor, result in numerous whirlpools, turbulent waters and the upwelling of deeper waters to the surface.

 

Low tide at the Hopewell Rocks, Bay of Fundy
High tide at the Hopewell Rocks, Bay of Fundy