Outflow from the Arctic Ocean

Outflow from the Arctic Ocean

Since sea levels generally remain constant, the influx of water from these various waterways must be matched by an outflow. Due to the low temperatures, evaporation rates are very low in the Arctic, so most of the outflow is via currents. Water flows from the Arctic Ocean into the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, as well as into a number of surrounding seas. By far, the greatest volume of water leaves the Arctic Ocean through the passage between Greenland and Spitsbergen. This enormous outflow creates the cold East Greenland Current in the Greenland Sea. A weaker cold current, the Labrador Current, flows south through Smith Sound and Baffin Bay. A considerable amount of water also flows from the Arctic Ocean into the northern Barents Sea forming the East Spitsbergen and Bear Island Currents.