Introduction

Aquaculture and Agriculture

Thousands of years ago, humans met their nutritional needs through hunting and gathering. The demand for meat and produce has long exceeded levels sustainable by harvesting from wild populations. Agriculture became necessary to feed the ever increasing number of people. Extensive efforts in farming and raising livestock have shaped our way of life. Despite this trend, massive numbers of wild fish are still harvested from the oceans and lakes. However, the demand for fish has exceeded the available supply. Aquaculture is an obvious and needed solution to meet this shortfall.