Hooded Merganser (Lophodytes cucullatus)

In the early 1900's, the hooded merganser was almost hunted to extinction. Presently, habitat degradation such as deforestation, river channalization, and poor agricultural practices are more of a threat to their populations.


The hooded merganser breeds mainly in eastern North America, British Columbia and the extreme northwest United States. Small, isolated breeding populations also exist in the central United States. A year-round population exists on the British Columbia Pacific coastline. In winter, birds migrate primarily to the southwest and southeast coasts.

Breeding occurs in fresh water habitats. For a complete species account, visit the Great Lakes section.