Introduction

Gyrinophilus - derived from the Greek gyrinos suggesting tadpole and phil for loving, referring to the fact that these salamanders spend several years as larvae

porphyriticus - from the Greek porphyros signifying reddish-brown or purple in reference to the similarity of this animal's colouration to porphyritic rock

The lungless salamander with aquatic larvae!

Salamanders of the genus Gyrinophilus are known as spring salamanders because they are at home in clear, cool water. Despite their reddish colouration, these were formerly known as purple salamanders. As members of the family Plethodontidae, they are lungless, but unlike most others of this family, spring salamanders are highly aquatic and have aquatic larvae. This is the largest of the stream dwelling salamanders in Canada.